Senior Advisory Council



President, National Academy of Sciences

Marcia McNutt is a geophysicist and president of the National Academy of Sciences. From 2013 to 2016, she served as editor-in-chief of the Science family of journals.


Prior to joining Science, she was director of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) from 2009 to 2013. During her tenure, the USGS responded to a number of major disasters, including earthquakes in Haiti, Chile, and Japan, and the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. McNutt led a team of government scientists and engineers at BP headquarters in Houston who helped contain the oil and cap the well. She directed the flow rate technical group that estimated the rate of oil discharge during the spill’s active phase. For her contributions, she was awarded the U.S. Coast Guard’s Meritorious Service Medal.


Before joining the USGS, McNutt served as president and chief executive officer of the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI). McNutt began her academic career at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), where she was the E.A. Griswold Professor of Geophysics and directed the Joint Program in Oceanography/Applied Ocean Science & Engineering, jointly offered by MIT and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. She received a B.A. in physics from Colorado College and her Ph.D. in earth sciences at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography.


Her honors include membership in the American Philosophical Society and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. She holds honorary doctoral degrees from the Colorado College, the University of Minnesota, Monmouth University, and the Colorado School of Mines. In 1988, she was awarded the American Geophysical Union’s Macelwane Medal for research accomplishments by a young scientist, and she received the Maurice Ewing Medal in 2007 for her contributions to deep-sea exploration.



Distinguished University Professor, University of Maryland College Park

Distinguished University Professor, Johns Hopkins University

Rita Colwell is a Distinguished University Professor both at the University of Maryland at College Park and at Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, senior advisor and chairman emeritus at Canon US Life Sciences, Inc., and president and CEO of CosmosID, Inc. Colwell served as the eleventh director of the National Science Foundation (NSF) from 1998 to 2004. In her capacity as NSF director, she served as co-chair of the Committee on Science of the National Science and Technology Council. 

She has held many advisory positions in the U.S. government, nonprofit science policy organizations, and private foundations, as well as in the international scientific research community. Colwell is a nationally-respected scientist and educator, and has authored or co-authored 17 books and more than 750 scientific publications. She produced the award-winning film, "Invisible Seas," and has served on editorial boards of numerous scientific journals.Colwell has been awarded 55 honorary degrees from institutions of higher education, including her alma mater, Purdue University. She is the recipient of the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star, bestowed by the Emperor of Japan; the 2006 National Medal of Science, awarded by the President of the United States; and the 2010 Stockholm Water Prize, awarded by the King of Sweden.

Her research interests are focused on global infectious diseases, water, and health. Colwell is currently developing an international network to address emerging infectious diseases and water issues, including safe drinking water for both the developed and developing world.

One of Colwell's major interests is K-12 science and mathematics education, graduate science and engineering education, and the increased participation of women and minorities in science and engineering. 



Director of Knowledge Technologies, Information Sciences Institute, University of Southern California


Dr. Yolanda Gil is Director of Knowledge Technologies and Associate Division Director at the Information Sciences Institute of the University of Southern California, and Research Professor in Computer Science and in Spatial Sciences. She is also Associate Director of Interdisciplinary Programs in Informatics. She received her M.S. and Ph. D. degrees in Computer Science from Carnegie Mellon University, with a focus on artificial intelligence. Her research is on intelligent interfaces for knowledge capture, which she investigates in a variety of projects concerning scientific discovery, knowledge-based planning and problem solving, information analysis and assessment of trust, semantic annotation and metadata, agent and software choreography, and community-wide development of knowledge bases. Dr. Gil collaborates with scientists in different domains on semantic workflows and metadata capture, social knowledge collection, and computer-mediated collaboration. She is a Fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), and Past Chair of its Special Interest Group in Artificial Intelligence. She is also Fellow of the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI), and was elected as its 24th President in 2016.



Professor, The University of Manchester


Dr.Goble's research interests are in the acceleration of scientific innovation through: distributed computing, workflows and automation; knowledge management and the Semantic Web; social, virtual environments;  software engineering for scientific software; and new models of scholarship for data-intensive science.Since 2001, she has directed a large, mixed team of researchers, computational scientists and software engineers that specialise in e-Science.
As an applied computer scientist, she has always worked alongside other disciplines, notably researchers in Chemistry, Medicine, Biodiversity, AstroPhysics, Astronomy, Social Science, Digital Librarians and, most notably, the Life Sciences. She pioneered ontology-based systems for data and model curation, and the integration of biology data resources and provenance.

Dr. Goble established and co-directs myGrid, a sub-group of Information Management Group, which focuses on data intensive e-science. The group ranges from theory to practice, translating state of the art techniques in semantic web, distributed computing, data management and social computing into software and resources widely used by scientists from many different communities. The team is made up of scientific informaticians, computer science researchers and software engineers. We collaborate with scientists world-wide, from many disciplines: Life Sciences, Biodiversity, Astronomy, Chemistry, Health informatics, Social Science and Digital Libraries.

In 2010, Dr. Goble co-founded the Software Sustainability Institute and, as an adovcate for putting software innovations into real practice, is responsible for many widely used open source e-Science software.



Scientist Emeritus, USGS


Dr. Gundersen is a Scientist Emeritus at the U.S. Geological Survey, having spent 34 years there as a research scientist, program manager, and senior executive. The first half of her career focused on conducting and managing research projects in geochemistry, ore deposits, and interdisciplinary studies of radionuclides in rocks, soils, and water; eventually assessing the geologic radon potential of the United States. She received numerous grants from DOE and EPA and worked with diverse partners in the health and geological science communities. From 1995-98, she served as a program manager for both the Energy Resources Program and Mineral Resources Program. She served as the only geologist on the National Academy of Sciences Committee on Risk Assessment of Exposure to Radon in Drinking Water from 1997-1999. 

In 1998, she became a senior executive and the Associate Chief Geologist for Operations. In 2001, she was appointed the Chief Scientist for Geology overseeing $260M in research programs encompassing the Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Landslides, Coastal and Marine Geology, National Geologic Mapping, Energy and Mineral Resources, and Global Climate Change programs. She served in that capacity for 10 years before becoming the first Director of the Office of Science Quality and Integrity where she established and directed scientific integrity, ethics, education, career development, publication quality, research excellence, and other programs across the USGS. She co-wrote the Department of Interior Scientific Integrity Policy released in 2011 and the update released in 2013.  She chaired the American Geophysical Unions Task Force on Scientific Ethics, producing the current AGU Policy on Scientific Integrity and Professional Ethics. 

Her academic background includes undergraduate and graduate work in structural geology and geochemistry at the State University of New York at Stony Brook and at the Univ. of Colorado, Boulder. She received the DOI Superior, Meritorious, and Distinguished Service Awards, the Unit of Excellence Award, the Secretary of the Interior’s Bronze Executive Leadership Award, and is a Fellow of the Geological Society of America.  In 2012 she received the Geological Society of America, Geoinformatics Division award for Outstanding Contributions to Geoinformatics.  She has published numerous papers and presented hundreds of lectures in the fields of geology, geoinformatics, science management, scientific integrity, and ethics.



Chief Data Scientist, Science and Technology Facilities Council

Dr. Tony Hey is a Senior Data Science Fellow at the University of Washington eScience Institute. He is also the editor of the journal Concurrency and Computation: Practice and Experience. From 2005 until 2014, Hey worked as a corporate vice-president for Microsoft. He was appointed corporate vice-president of technical computing at Microsoft on 27 June 2005, later became corporate vice-president of external research, and, in 2011, became corporate vice-president of Microsoft Research Connections until his departure in 2014. Hey led the UK's e-Science Programme from 2001 to 2005. From 1974 until 2001, Dr. Hey was a professor and held a number of leadership positions, including the Head of the School of Electronics and Computer Science and Dean of Engineering and Applied Science, at the University of Southampton He began his time at the University of Southhampton as a particle physicist, but eventually switched to computer science. The switch was fueled by his return to Caltech, where he'd been a postdoctoral fellow working with Richard Feynman and Murray Gell-Mann, as a visiting professor and learned of Carver Mead's work on very-large-scale integration and became interested in applying parallel computing techniques to large-scale scientific simulations.

Dr. Hey led team that designed and built transputer-based 'Supernode' parallel computer. He devised first parallel benchmark suite - the 'Genesis' benchmarks - for performance evaluation of distributed memory parallel machines. Hey also co-authored first draft of the MPI message-passing standard with Jack Dongarra, David Walker and Rolf Hempel.



Consulting Geologist / Colorado School of Mines, Emeritus


Dr. Hitzman is a consulting geologist. Previously, he served as USGS Associate Director for Energy and Minerals, where he oversaw the research and assessments conducted on the location, quantity, and quality of mineral and energy resources, including the economic and environmental effects of resource extraction and use. He came to the USGS after a 20-year career with the Colorado School of Mines in Golden, CO, bringing with him a breadth of skills and experience. He most recently served as the Charles F. Fogarty Professor of Economic Geology at the Colorado School of Mines. In this role, he built one of the largest academic economic geology teaching and research programs in the United States. He also served as head of the Department of Geology and Geological Engineering at Colorado School of Mines for five and a half years. Prior to this, he was an American Association for the Advancement of Science/Sloan Foundation Fellow in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. 

Among many other honors, Hitzman was presented the Haddon Forrester King Medal by the Australian Academy of Science earlier this year; in 2015, he received the Daniel C. Jackling Award from the Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc. and the Des Pretorius Award from the Geological Society of South Africa.

Hitzman holds two bachelor degrees from Dartmouth College, one in anthropology and the other in geology. He received his master’s in geology from the University of Washington and a Ph.D. in geology from Stanford University.



Tetherless World Professor, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute


James Hendler is the Director of the Institute for Data Exploration and Applications (IDEA) and the Tetherless World Professor of Computer, Web and Cognitive Sciences at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI). He also heads the RPI-IBM Center for Health Empowerment by Analytics, Learning and Semantics (HEALS) and serves as the Chair of the Board of the UK’s charitable Web Science Trust. Hendler has authored over 400 books, technical papers and articles in the area of Artificial Intelligence including Semantic Web, agent-based computing and high performance AI processing.


One of the originators of the “Semantic Web,” Hendler was the recipient of a 1995 Fulbright Foundation Fellowship, is a former member of the US Air Force Science Advisory Board, and is a Fellow of the AAAI, BCS, the IEEE, the AAAS and the ACM. He is also the former Chief Scientist of the Information Systems Office at the US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and was awarded a US Air Force Exceptional Civilian Service Medal in 2002. Hendler was the first computer scientist to serve on the Board of Reviewing editors for Science (2004-2016). In 2010, Hendler was selected as an “Internet Web Expert” by the US government. In 2012, he was one of the inaugural recipients of the Strata Conference “Big Data” awards for his work on large-scale open government data, and he is an associate editor of the Big Data journal. In 2013, he was appointed as the Open Data Advisor to New York State and in 2015 appointed a member of the US Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee and in 2016, became a member of the National Academies Board on Research Data and Information. In 2017, Hendler joined the Director’s Advisory Committee for the National Security Directorate of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.



Chief Data Officer, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration


Dr. Edward J. Kearns is NOAA's Chief Data Officer (CDO), and is leading efforts to enhance the utilization of NOAA's environmental data through new partnerships and technologies. 

Ed earned B.S. degrees in Physics & Marine Science from the University of Miami (1990) and his Ph.D. in Physical Oceanography from the University of Rhode Island (1996). Ed has led work on ocean information systems at NOAA’s National Data Buoy Center, and, after returning to the University of Miami in 1997, on satellite sensor characterization and calibration, sea surface temperature and ocean color research from NASA’s Aqua and Terra satellites, and deployment of regional integrated ocean observing & data management systems. In 2005, he joined the National Park Service to lead coastal ecosystem restoration data projects and evaluate model outputs to aid in Everglades restoration. Ed moved to Asheville, NC and joined NOAA in 2008 to lead work on climate data records, data science, archive and data stewardship issues. He also worked in the Office of Management and Budget as the program examiner for NASA Science and Education during the 2014 budget season. Ed is now working within NOAA's Office of the Chief Information Officer, and leading NOAA's Big Data Project and associated open data and data policy activities as NOAA's first ever CDO.



Director, Scripps Institution of Oceanography


Margaret Leinen, a highly distinguished national leader and oceanographer, was appointed the eleventh director of Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego in July 2013. She also serves as UC San Diego’s vice chancellor for marine sciences and dean of the School of Marine Sciences. 

Leinen is an award-winning oceanographer and an accomplished executive with extensive national and international experience in ocean science, global climate and environmental issues, federal research administration, and non-profit startups. She is a researcher in paleo-oceanography and paleo-climatology. Her work focuses on ocean sediments and their relationship to global biogeochemical cycles and the history of Earth’s ocean and climate.

Leinen enhances Scripps and UC San Diego through her impressive academic and administrative career.  Prior to joining Scripps, she served as Vice Provost for Marine and Environmental Initiatives and Executive Director of Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute, a unit of Florida Atlantic University. Prior to that she served for seven years at the National Science Foundation (NSF) as Assistant Director for Geosciences and Coordinator of Environmental Research and Education. She oversaw a budget of $700 million, led government-wide planning for climate research, and co-led government planning for ocean research. While at NSF, she presided over and directly influenced some of the most consequential programs in marine, atmospheric, and earth science.       




Richard and Rhoda Goldman Professor and Senior Fellow, Stanford University

Dr. Pamela Matson is an internationally recognized interdisciplinary Earth scientist, academic leader and organizational strategist. A MacArthur Fellow and elected member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts & Sciences, Dr. Matson has served as dean of the School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences at Stanford since 2002. She has led the School through significant change, targeted at helping improve the University’s ability to engage in use- inspired research and to educate future leaders in the sustainability challenges related to Earth resources, hazards and environment. During the same time period, Dr. Matson co-led the Stanford Challenge Initiative on Environment and Sustainability, and helped build the Woods Institute for the Environment and the Precourt Institute for Energy as well as the Emmett Interdisciplinary Program in Environment and Resources.

Scientifically, Dr. Matson is a global thought leader who works to reconcile the needs of people and the planet in the 21st century. Her research addresses a range of environment and sustainability issues, including sustainability of agricultural systems; vulnerability of particular people and places to climate change; and environmental consequences of tropical land use change and global change in the nitrogen and carbon cycles. With multidisciplinary teams of researchers, managers, and decision makers, she has worked to develop agricultural approaches that reduce environmental impacts while maintaining livelihoods and human wellbeing.

Dr. Matson is coauthor of Pursuing Sustainability (Princeton University Press 2016), which helps students and practitioners understand the complex social-environmental system that is essential to moving sustainability goals forward, whether through new technologies, processes or policies. Dr. Matson is also editor of Seeds of Sustainability (Island Press 2011), and contributed to the National Research Council volumes of Our Comon Journey: A Transition towards Sustainability and America’s Climate Choices. She is the founding co-chair of the National Academies’ Roundtable on Science and Technology for Sustainability, and serves on the boards of FFAR (Foundation for Food and Agriculture Research, World Wildlife Fund and Climate Works Foundation. She is a past president of the Ecological Society of America, past lead author for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and was a member of the science leadership committee for the International Geosphere-Atmosphere Programme.




Executive Director and CEO, American Geophysical Union

Christine McEntee is Executive Director and CEO of the American Geophysical Union (AGU), a worldwide scientific community that advances the understanding of Earth and space through cooperation in research. She is the third Executive Director in AGU’s 92-year history. Over 25 years she has made her mark as an association leader and innovator, building a steady record of achievement in leading large organizations through changes in governance, membership and the fluid public policies that confront them.

McEntee’s previous leadership experience has spanned the fields of aging, healthcare and architecture. She served as Executive Vice President and CEO of the American Institute of Architects and previously served as CEO of the American Collegeof Cardiology and its Foundation. McEntee began her career as a legislative representative for AARP and moved on to the American Hospital Association in 1986, where she rose to the position of Executive Vice President.


McEntee graduated from Georgetown University and holds a Masters in Health Administration-Health Policy from George Washington University. She serves on the board of numerous groups, including the MedStar Health Research Institute, where she serves as Chair, the American Board of Ophthalmology and the American Board of Medical Specialists Health Policy Committee, and she has served as a member of the ASAE Awards Committee and Innovation Task Force.


McEntee is a Fellow of ASAE, and her honors include CEO Update's CEO of the Year (2016), ASAE Women Who Advance Excellence, GWSAE’s Visionary and Executive Update “Smart CEO” Award, the Annual Achievement in Health Care Management Award from Women Health Executives Network, and Crain’s Chicago Business Under 40 Movers and Shakers. In 2011 she was chosen for America’s Top Women Mentoring Leaders and in 2012 she was featured in the “100 Women Leaders in STEM.” In 2013 she was invited to author a chapter on the role scientific societies can play in informing public opinion on climate change for a publication titled, “Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research: New Trends in Earth Science Outreach and Engagement: The Nature of Communication.”



Director and Chief Academic Unit Officer, Krasnow Institute, George Mason University


Jim Olds received his PhD from the University of Michigan in neuroscience after finishing his undergraduate degree in Chemistry at Amherst College. Following his doctoral degree, he spent six years as a staff fellow at the National Institutes of Health where he successfully imaged the activation of protein kinase C during learning and memory in the hippocampus, the brain structure most vulnerable to neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s.

In 1995, Olds left the NIH to become the Executive Director of the American Association of Anatomists, a scientific society focused on the morphological phenotypes that produce the characteristics of animals. Then in 1998, Olds left the Association for George Mason, where he became the second director of the Krasnow Institute for Advanced Study in addition to University Professor of Neuroscience in the Department of Molecular Neuroscience. Olds chaired that department for two years. 

After 16 years at the helm of the Krasnow Institute, Olds returned to government to head up the Biological Sciences Directorate at the National Science Foundation. With an annual budget of approximately $750 million, the Directorate, funds basic life sciences research at American universities and colleges including very large scientific infrastructure such as the National Ecological Observatory Network.

Following his term at NSF, Olds returns to the Schar School where he will serve as University Professor of Neuroscience and Public Policy. His research will be focused on the science of science policy, particularly in the context of public-private partnerships and international team science.



Professor and Associate Dean, Information School, University of Washington


Carole Palmer works in the areas of data curation and digital research collections. Her research is aimed at advancing data services, especially for interdisciplinary inquiry. In this era of “big data,” she is particularly interested in optimizing the reuse value of small data and access to open data across disciplines. Her current projects include developing a framework for Site Based Data Curation and a model program for Data Curation Education in Research Centers. As an educator, she has been a leader in professional workforce development in data curation for nearly a decade, recognized in 2013 with the Information Science Teacher of the Year Award from the Association for Information Science & Technology.​



Associate Professor, Stanford University


Christopher Ré is an associate professor in the Department of Computer Science at Stanford University in the InfoLab who is affiliated with the Statistical Machine Learning Group, Pervasive Parallelism Lab, and Stanford AI Lab. His work's goal is to enable users and developers to build applications that more deeply understand and exploit data. His contributions span database theory, database systems, and machine learning, and his work has won best paper at a premier venue in each area, respectively, at PODS 2012, SIGMOD 2014, and ICML 2016. In addition, work from his group has been incorporated into major scientific and humanitarian efforts, including the IceCube neutrino detector, PaleoDeepDive and MEMEX in the fight against human trafficking, and into commercial products from major web and enterprise companies. He cofounded a company, based on his research, that was acquired by Apple in 2017. He received a SIGMOD Dissertation Award in 2010, an NSF CAREER Award in 2011, an Alfred P. Sloan Fellowship in 2013, a Moore Data Driven Investigator Award in 2014, the VLDB early Career Award in 2015, the MacArthur Foundation Fellowship in 2015, and an Okawa Research Grant in 2016.



ESIP Executive Director


In November 2014, Erin began working for the Foundation for Earth Science as the Executive Director. Prior to that she worked for FES as the Information and Virtual Community Director. She leverages her knowledge of environmental informatics, in particular collaborative web technologies to support the diverse communities of practice that make up the Federation for Earth Science Information Partners (ESIP). Her current research interest include improving collaboration among distributed partners by enhancing connections at various levels in the interoperability stack, coordinating events to enhance human-to-human relationships, developing collaborative sites that integrate social media to facilitate knowledge exchange and sharing Earth observations through standard data access.



President Emeritus, Carnegie Institution for Science


Dr. Matthew P. Scott served as the tenth president of the Carnegie Institution for Science from September 1, 2014 to December 31, 2017. Scott was Professor of Developmental Biology, Genetics, Bioengineering, and Biology at the Stanford University School of Medicine prior to his Carnegie appointment.

Scott did his undergraduate and graduate work at M.I.T., with Prof. Mary Lou Pardue as his Ph.D. thesis advisor. He moved to Indiana University for his postdoctoral work as a Helen Hay Whitney fellow with Profs. Thomas Kaufman and Barry Polisky. After setting up his own lab at the University of Colorado, Boulder, Dr. Scott went to Stanford in 1990 to join the newly formed Department of Developmental Biology, and the Department of Genetics. His research focused on genes that control development, and how damage to these genes leads to birth defects, cancer, and neurodegeneration. He discovered the “homeobox,”an evolutionarily conserved component of many genes that control development. His lab group discovered the genetic basis of the most common human cancer, basal cell carcinoma, and of the most common childhood malignant brain tumor, medulloblastoma.

Scott served as Associate Chair and Chair of the Department of Developmental Biology for a total of six years. He chaired the multidisciplinary Bio-X program at Stanford from 2001-2007 and was Co-chair of the Center for Children’s Brain Tumors. He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the National Academy of Sciences, and the Institute of Medicine, and he served as president of the Society for Developmental Biology. His awards include the Passano Award (1990), the Conklin Medal of the Society for Developmental Biology (2004), and the Pasarow Award in Cancer Research (2013).



Director, Data Science Initiative, Microsoft


Kristin M. Tolle is the Director of the Data Science Initiative in Microsoft Research Outreach, Redmond, WA.

Since joining Microsoft in 2000, Dr. Tolle has acquired numerous patents and worked for several product teams including the Natural Language Group, Visual Studio, and the Microsoft Office Excel Team. Since joining Microsoft Research’s outreach program in 2006, she has run several major initiatives from Biomedical computing and environmental science to more traditional computer and information science programs around natural user interactions and data curation. She was also directed the development of the Microsoft Translator Hub and the Environmental Science Services Toolkit.

Dr. Tolle is an editor, along with Tony Hey and Stewart Tansley, of one of the earliest books on data science, The Fourth Paradigm: Data Intensive Scientific Discovery. Her current focus is develop an outreach program to engage with academics on data science in general and more specifically around using data to create meaningful and useful user experiences across devices platforms.

Prior to joining Microsoft, Tolle was an Oak Ridge Science and Engineering Research Fellow for the National Library of Medicine and a Research Associate at the University of Arizona Artificial Intelligence Lab managing the group on medical information retrieval and natural language processing. She earned her Ph.D. in Management of Information Systems with a minor in Computational Linguistics.

Dr. Tolle’s present research interests include global public health as related to climate change, mobile computing to enable field scientists and inform the public, sensors used to gather ecological and environmental data, and integration and interoperability of large heterogeneous environmental data sources. She collaborates with several major research groups in Microsoft Research including eScience, computational science laboratory, computational ecology and environmental science, and the sensing and energy research group.



Senior Scientist for Astrobiology, Science Mission Directorate, NASA HQ


Dr. Mary A. Voytek took charge of NASA’s Astrobiology Program on September 15, 2008, as Senior Scientist for Astrobiology in the Science Mission Directorate at NASA HQ. Dr. Voytek came to NASA from the U.S. Geological Survey in Reston, VA, where she headed the USGS Microbiology and Molecular Ecology Laboratory. 

Dr. Voytek’s primary research interest is aquatic microbial ecology and biogeochemistry. She has studied environmental controls on microbial transformations of nutrients, xenobiotics, and metals in freshwater and marine systems. She has worked in several extreme environments including Antarctica, the arctic, hypersaline lakes, deep-sea hydrothermal vents, and terrestrial deep- subsurface sites. 

She has served on several advisory groups to Department of the Interior, Department of Energy, the National Science Foundation and NASA, including the Planetary Protection Subcommittee. She has also supported NASA’s Astrobiology Program serving as a NASA representative to a number of COSPAR convened studies exploring the potential for life in the universe. She has held positions in several science societies and is currently a board member of the American Geophysical Union.

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